W L Bartlett - Tarix

W L Bartlett - Tarix


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W. L. Bartlett

(Sch.)

V. Bartlett-yog'ochdan yasalgan Chesapeake ko'rfazidagi skooner-Harbiy-dengiz kuchlari tomonidan 1861 yil 13-avgustda Baltimor shtatida sotib olingan, Shimoliy Karolinaga kiradigan kirish joylarida V.Bartlett va shunga o'xshash 21 ta boshqa kemani blokirovka sifatida ishlatish rejalashtirilgan edi. tovushlar. Dengiz flotining birinchi "tosh floti" loyihasi oxir-oqibat muvaffaqiyatsiz tugadi; V. Bartletning yakuniy taqdiri haqida hech qanday izoh topilmadi.


Kitob sharhi: King Cnut W.B. Bartlett

Bu, ehtimol, B.B. Bartletning ta'kidlashicha, inglizlar faqat ikki marta muvaffaqiyatli bosqin qilinganini bilishadi. Bir marta milodiy 44 yilda, ikkinchisi 1066 yilda. Ammo 1016 yilning qishida, ko'p yillik urushdan so'ng, chet ellik zabt etish huquqi bilan Angliya qiroli bo'ldi. Uning ismi Cnut edi.
Ma'lum bo'lishicha, Normanlarning Angliyani bosib olish urug'lari taxminan 60 yoki undan ko'p yillar oldin ekilgan. Taxtlarni zo'rlik bilan egallagan shohlar, ingliz cherkovining Rimdan uzoqlashishi, Saksoniya podshohligi bilan Normandiya o'rtasidagi dastlabki aloqalar Angliyaning buyuk unutilgan shohlaridan birining hayoti davomida paydo bo'lgan. U tarkibiga kirgan Buyuk Britaniyada Skandinaviya jamoasining mavjudligi merosi hanuzgacha biz bilan.
Bu isbotlash uchun familiyalarga ega bo'lgan kuchli erkaklar davri edi. Garchi Alfred hukmronligidan so'ng, Saksoniya Angliya Stlestan va Edgar kabi podshohlar ostida gullab -yashnagan bo'lsa -da, 10 -asrning oxirlarida u yana chet ellik bosqinchilar tomonidan vayron qilingan. Bu shohlikni himoya qilish uchun mashhur shoh Athelredning qo'liga tushdi, lekin u afsonaviy ahmoq bo'lmasa -da, u Danegeld nomi bilan mashhur bo'lgan institutni qurgan. Ammo oxir -oqibat, uning asosiy dushmani Sweyn Forkbeard uni ag'darib, Norman surguniga yubordi va Sveyn vafot etganda, ularning o'g'illari Edmund Ironside va Cnut ingliz taxti uchun o'lim dueliga kirishdi.

Ism va amallar bilan belgilanadigan asrda, deyarli 1000 yillik masofada odamlar nima bilan tanilganini kuzatish ajoyib. Alfredni ko'pchilik uning keklarini yoqib yuborgan odam sifatida eslashadi, Telred hali tayyor emas edi (lekin nima uchun buni ko'pchilik bilmaydi), Garold Godwinson Xastingsda ko'zidagi apokrifik o'q bilan eslanadi va King Cnut shundan keyin oyog'ini namlaganini eslaydi. dengiz unga e'tibor bermadi. Butun umrlar bitta tasvirlar bilan belgilanadi, lekin ularning har biri hayotdan kattaroq yashagan. Cnut Angliyaning birinchi Daniya qiroli Viking edi. Bu atama "Baymen" va "8221" ga tarjima qilinishi mumkin edi. Taqvodor, ayyor, shafqatsiz va shafqatsiz odam.

Bartlett ishontirganidek, yong'oqning tepaga chiqishi hech qachon berilmagan, ammo Cnut iqtidorli strateg emas edi, garchi u jasur va dono bo'lsa -da, uning harbiy rekordlari ko'p narsaga muhtoj. Bu sahifalardan u shimoliy xristian imperiyasini boshqarishga moyil bo'lgan davlat arbobi bo'lib ko'rinadi va uning yo'lida qadam tashlagan odamning holiga voy. Cnut ’ ning taxtga chiqish yo'li unga qarshi bo'lganlarning o'ldirilgan jasadlari bilan to'lgan edi. Haqiqatan ham, Cnutni g'azablantirganidan ko'p o'tmay, qancha dushmanlar yoki to'siqlar oxiriga yetgani haqida deyarli Machiavellianga oid bir narsa bor, lekin shoh haqida aniq dalillar har doim ham kam.

Bu afsonaviy qirolning nafaqat ajoyib ko'rinishi, balki Normanning Angliyani bosib olishidan oldingi holatni ham ko'rsatadi. Cnut Daniyada tug'ilganida, Angliya "vikinglar" nomi bilan mashhur skandinaviyaliklar uchun stenografiya bo'lgan "bir xil qirollikni" barpo etishga harakat qilar edi. aslida Daniyani nazarda tutadi. Bu “Saxon England ” uchun oson istiqbol emas edi, chunki u Germaniya-Kelt gibridini oldingi Romano-Celtic modelidan farqlash deb ataladi. Qaysidir ma'noda, Daniya istilosi tabiiy rivojlanish deb bahslashish mumkin.

Angliya geografiya, janubdan shimoldan va dindan ajralib chiqdi. Xristianlik endi mamlakatda barqaror davlatga yaqinlashayotgan edi, lekin eski usullar qattiq o'ldi. Butparastlik hali ham asosiy darajada keng tarqalgan edi va bir din boshqasini almashtirganda, yangi e'tiqod va eskilarning bir hil aralashmasi bo'lib o'tdi. Saksonlar butparast noz -karashmalarini Norman fathiga qadar saqlab qolishgan. Skandinaviyada ham shunday edi, Daniya, Norvegiya va Shvetsiyada xristianlik yangi edi. Bu qirolliklarning shohlarining aksariyati yangi dinni qabul qilganlar edi, ular cherkovlarni tashkil qilishdi va Papaga yaqinlashishdi, bu hukmdorga qonuniylik va o'z xalqiga katta ta'sir ko'rsatish imkonini berdi, qirol esa cherkovni himoya qilishi mumkin edi. Iqtisodiyoti asrlar davomida Angliya va Frantsiya bir -biriga hujum qilib, sharqqa qilichlarini sotish bilan bog'liq bo'lgan bu shohliklar, X va XI asrlarda hamisha ham bo'lmagan tinchlik yo'llariga sekinroq kirishadi. bu tinch.

Angliya o'zining g'iybatlari va viking hujumlari tufayli beqarorlashdi, oxir -oqibat, daniyaliklar hamma joyni egallashga qaror qilishdi, bunga Forkbeard erishdi, keyin yana Ironsaydning o'limi bilan. Cnut qattiqqo'l odam edi va uni Angliyada qabul qilish uchun vaqt kerak edi va uning chet el bosqinchisi maqomi uni hech qachon tark etmagan. Shunga qaramay, uning hukmronligida sodir bo'lgan voqealar qandaydir turar joy edi. Har bir sakson vorisligi qandaydir janjallarga duch keldi va bu tendentsiya davom etaversa -da, u endi ochiq urushni o'z ichiga olmaydi. Viking bosqinchilari muammoga aylandi, Cnut nafaqat bosqinchilarni mag'lub etishda ustalik ko'rsatdi, balki Shimoliy imperiya tarkibidagi mamlakatlarni birlashtirish uchun Daniya va Norvegiyani zabt etishga urindi.

Shunday qilib, har doim Saksoniya siyosatining bir qismi bo'lgan odatiy siyosiy hiyla -nayranglardan tashqari, Angliya o'n yillar hukmronlik qilgan og'ir davrlarga qarama -qarshi bo'lgan o'n yillik farovonlikdan bahramand bo'ldi. Ko'tarilganidan so'ng, Cnut tezda muhim lavozimlarga do'stlarini tayinladi, lekin Uilyam Normandiyadan farqli o'laroq, u o'z hukmronligiga yordam berish uchun sodiq sakslarni qidirdi va shu bilan birga o'z vatandoshlarini tayinladi. Aksariyat hollarda u ko'pchiligidan voz kechishga majbur bo'ldi, chunki sakslar va daniyaliklar fitna tuzishga moyil edi. Uning hukmronligi oxirida uning eng kuchli tarafdorlari Mercia va Wessex saksonlari edi, ikkinchisi Godwin ismli zaharli g'ildirak sotuvchisi edi. Realpolitik va suiqasdlar ustasi, u ingliz tarixida katta rol o'ynaydi.

Cnut o'zini cherkov ortiga tashlab, Normandiya bilan ittifoq tuzdi, Skandinaviya ustidan o'z hukmronligini o'rnatishga urinib, Shotlandiya qiroli Malkomni vassal bo'lishga majbur qilib, o'z fathini kuchaytirdi. U qila olmagan narsa barqaror vorislik chizig'ini ta'minlash edi. O'z hayoti davomida chop etilgan qonunlarga ko'ra, saksonlar aytganidek, xotin olish, "cherkovning roziligisiz Daniya modasi" va "ko'proq narsani olish", qonunga zid edi. Bunday xotini bo'lgan, lekin hukmronligining qolgan davrida rasmiy xotini bo'lgan o'g'illari bo'lgan, Danhelning sobiq turmush o'rtog'i, Normandiya gersogining xolasi va Edvardning onasi Norman qirolichasi Emmadan boshqa hech kimga o'xshamaydi. tayyor bo'lmagan hukmdor bilan ittifoqdan Konfessor. Cnut vafot etganda, Daniya-Normanning katta o'g'illari ham ketma-ket vafot etdilar va taxtni Konfessor Eduard uchun bo'sh qoldilar.

Bu vaqtga kelib Angliyaning tuzilishi o'zgardi. Bu endi faqat Anglo-Sakson emas, Anglo-Sakson-Dane edi. Kelajak qiroli Garold II, u Xastingsdagi o'q va uning akasi Earl Godvinning o'g'illari edi, uning xotini daniyalik edi. Skandinaviya nomlari, Confessors hukmronligi davrida ham ingliz qirollik hujjatlarining ustavlarida yuqori o'rinni egallaydi. Ingliz tili sahnasi Alfred davridan beri, hatto Edvardning Normandiyaga qo'shilishidan oldin ham, onasi Emma va u erda uzoq vaqt surgun qilinganligi tufayli janubda Norman ta'sirini kuchaytirdi.

Menimcha, muallif Normanlar Angliyani zabt etishlari uchun zarur bo'lgan vaqtni biroz past baholagan. Shunga qaramay, u o'yinni Xastingsda bo'lib o'tdi, deb taxmin qilgani uchun kechirilishi mumkin, u erda ingliz (va haqiqatan ham Daniya) qirollik qoni to'kilgan va eski tartib yo'q bo'lib ketgan. Ammo sodiq inglizlar Norman hukmronligiga 1070 -yillarning oxirigacha qarshilik ko'rsatgan deb aytish to'g'ri bo'ladi. Bu odamlarning aql -idroki shunchalik ibratliki, ular qirolini yo'qotib, najot topish uchun Shimoliy dengiz bo'ylab qaradi. G'alati Gastings g'olibi, Angliya taxtini qo'lga kiritganidan bir necha yil o'tgach, tanaffusdan qutulish uchun Danegeldni taklif qilishga majbur bo'ldi.

Uilyam buni Cnut hukmronligi va 1016 yildagi zabt etish merosiga qonuniylashtirishi mumkin edi. U taxtga kelganida, Cnutning qonuniyligi otasi Sveyndan kelib chiqqan, u bilan heltelred qirolligini olib ketgan. qilich. Shunday qilib, musobaqani jangovar usulda qisqartirib, g'olib, albatta, Xudo tomonidan tanlangan shoh bo'ldi. Modomiki, da'vogar shahzoda bo'lganida va hatto bu da'vogar kuchli bo'lganida (Godvinson bunga misol bo'la turib), bu unchalik to'siq emas edi, uning birinchi o'g'li, ikkinchi o'g'li yoki hatto ahamiyati yo'q edi. dastlab ingliz. Haqiqatan ham, Konfessor vafot etgandan so'ng, Saksoniya podshohlarining asl nasli, Serdik uyi yo'q bo'lib ketdi, uning o'rnini qisqa umr Godvinson sulolasi egalladi.
Bartlett Angliya va Skandinaviyani shakllantirgan ko'plab mashhur odamlarning hikoyalarini, Harald Bluetooth, Olaf Tygvason, Cnut va#8217 ning dushmani Sent Olafni, sirg'anoq va xiyonatkor Eric Streonani, Ubred Babbenburg, Earl Birhtnotni, Tall balandligida ruhoniylar galereyasi va muhim ayollarning tarqalishi. Keyinchalik 1066 yildagi bostirib kirishdan tanish raqamlar u erda va u erda o'sadi, shu jumladan Hardrada nomi bilan mashhur Norvegiya Harald III. Men vafotidan va qurol -aslahadan voz kechganim uchun uning o'limining tavsifiga har doim ham shubha bilan qaragan bo'lsam -da, lekin bu juda keng tarqalgan talqin. Kitobda buyuk afsonalarning ismlari ko'rsatilgan

Hikoya Maldonning qorong'u kunlaridagi voqealarni o'z ichiga oladi va biz hikoyani to'ldiramiz, Daniya fathining dastlabki davri, Shimoliy Danelav, Alfred, Edgar va Edvard shahid kabi sakson paragonlari tomonidan qanday yuvilgan. Shunday qilib, ko'p jihatdan Sveyn va uning o'g'li Cnutning urushlari hamma narsadan ustun bo'lgan. Helthelred va Ironside bilan uzoq davom etgan to'qnashuvdan so'ng, biz kitobning yarmiga yaqinlashib qolganimizda, Cnut bilan, asosan, uning homiysi bo'lgan ko'plab cherkovlar saqlagan yozuvlar orqali, o'zlashtira boshlaymiz. Qorong'u asrlardan e'tiborni tortadigan tarixning ulkan supurgi.

Bularning barchasini inobatga olgan holda, Cnutga qanday qarashimiz kerak? Uning hukmronligi Angliyaga taalluqli edi, uning xalqi unga hech qachon iliq munosabatda bo'lmagan. U ketganida, ular olib kelgan barqarorlikni sog'inishdi, lekin odamlar uni buyuk Podshoh deb bilishar edi. Uning zodagonlarni mohirona qayta tashkil etishi, ingliz ham, daniyalik ham uni hurmat qilishini va hayoti davomida tinchlikni saqlashini ta'minladi. Shunga qaramay, u uzoqni ko'ra olmaydigan hukmronlik qilgan. Bu uning aybidan emas edi, chunki uning tanlangan ikkala o'g'li ham yigirma yoshlarida vafot etgan va u ham muddatidan oldin tugagan, lekin u erda hukmronlik qilish uchun uning qonunlari arzigulik edi. Shunga qaramay, bu, muallifning ta'kidlashicha, Cnutni haqiqatan ham Buyuk Qirol deb baholaydi, chunki uning ishtiroki hamma narsani ish bilan ta'minlagan va uning muvaffaqiyatiga boshqa hech kim erisha olmagan, Angliyani to'liq zabt etish unga signal beradi. eslaydigan odam sifatida. Hech bo'lmaganda, chunki u Skandinaviya mustamlakasining barqaror joyi bo'lgan o'rnini bosishni emas, balki birlashtirishni xohlagan.

Cnut tarixdagi boshqa Vikinglardan ajralib turadi. U unga ergashgan Skandinaviya hukmdorlariga nasroniy shohining qudrati misoli edi. U o'ldirish va yo'q qilish uchun emas, balki hukmronlik qilish uchun kelgan va shunday qilgan. Ko'pchilik odatda Viking shohi deb ataydigan ertakning chet el dushmani.
Kitob oxirigacha Skald shoirlari haqida alohida ma'ruza bor. O'sha paytda stoik Cnut taqvodor, ayyor, saxiy va shafqatsiz odam bo'lib chiqdi. U o'z hayoti davomida shoh sifatida qadrlangan, keyin esa orqaga qaragan avlodlar uchun chiroq sifatida xizmat qilgan.
Skaldlar o'lganlarning hayotini yana bir bor yashashga majbur qilgan. Menimcha, bu Angliya buyuk Skandinaviya qiroli tarjimai holi uchun adolatli epitetdir. Uzoq kulrang va o'lik hayot qayta tirildi.


BARTLETT Genealogiyasi

WikiTree-bu har bir kishi uchun abadiy bepul bo'lgan, tobora aniqroq hamkorlik qiladigan oilaviy daraxtni o'stiradigan nasabnomachilar jamoasi. Iltimos, bizga qo'shiling.

Iltimos, BARTLETT oilaviy daraxtlari ustida ishlashda bizga qo'shiling. A etishtirish uchun bizga yaxshi nasabnomachilar yordami kerak mutlaqo bepul hammamizni bog'laydigan umumiy oila daraxti.

Muhim maxfiylik xabarnomasi va rad javobi: sizda shaxsiy ma'lumotlarni tarqatishda ogohlantirishdan foydalanish mas'uliyati bor. WIKITREE eng sezgir ma'lumotni himoya qiladi, lekin faqat ma'lumotlarda ko'rsatilgan. XIZMAT KO'RSATISH SHARTLARI VA MAXFIYLIK SIYOSATI.


W L Bartlett - Tarix

Quyida sanab o'tilgan sardorlar 1800-yillarning o'rtalaridan oxirigacha San-Frantsisko portiga suzib ketishdi. Faqat 1849 va 1850 yillar davomida 600 dan ortiq kapitan Sharqiy dengiz porti shaharlaridan San -Fransisko ko'rfaziga suzib ketishdi. Kapitanlarning ko'pchiligi San -Frantsiskoda yashagan va ko'plari 1800 -yillarning oxirida Oklend yoki Kontra Kosta okrugida uy qurishgan.

(Eslatma: * bu kapitanlarning San -Frantsisko katalogida ko'rsatilganligini ko'rsatadi.)

A
*Herman Ackerman, 2717-1/2 Missiya ko'chasi, San-Frantsisko
*Robert Ekerman, Madison prospekti, 9, San -Frantsisko
E. X. Akli
H. S. Akli
Kapitan Adams
*Charlz X.Aytken, Vashington prospekti 33, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Aleksandr
*Jeyms G. Allen, 1314-22, San-Frantsisko
*Antonio Alves, 727 Broadway ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Jabez A. Amesberi, 710 O'Farrel ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Emi
*Endryu Anderson, Stivenson ko'chasi, 1124, San -Frantsisko
*Frank A. Anderson, 17 Perri, San -Frantsisko
*Frederik Anderson, 1128-1/2 Xovard ko'chasi, San-Frantsisko
*Genri Anderson, 121 Fransisko, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam Anderson, 320 1/4 Ritch ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Ole Anfindsen, Folsom ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Jorj Ankers, Bryant ko'chasi, 754, San -Frantsisko
Genri Anson, 1133 Union Street, San -Frantsisko
*Kapitan Auguay
*Richard Ostin, 415 Sharq, San -Frantsisko
*Elihu Avery, 1437 yil Shtayner, San -Fransisko

B
F. R. Chaqaloq
*Charlz Backus, 230 Fransisko, San -Fransisko
A. Bekon
*Charlz A. F. Bahn, 906 Filbert, San -Frantsisko
*Jeyms G. Beyker, Tinch okeani Sent -Vorf, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan M.T.Beyli
Jon G. Beyker
V. V. Beyker
*Jon V. Balch, 528 Ellis, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan C. H. Bolduin
*Edvard A. Barfred, San -Fransisko, Grove ko'chasi 531
Kapitan Barnard
*Uilyam H. Barr, 1011 Union Street, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Jekson Barri
Kapitan Barstow
Leytenant Edvard F. Beal
Musa Turston Bin
*Samuel B. Bek, 1721 Jons, San -Frantsisko
*Jon X.Berens, 612 Jessi, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam C. Berens, N.S. Roz yaqinidagi Kaselli prospekti, San -Frantsisko
*Kristofer A. Bell, 45-1/2 Federal, San-Frantsisko
Jon H. Bell
*Konrad Benfeldt, N.S. Meril yaqinidagi Hale
*Jon Bennet, Dolores ko'chasi, 1432, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam Bennet, Jessi ko'chasi, 818, San -Frantsisko
Ernest Bent
Leytenant Bissell
Kapitan Blekbern, Montserret
*Daniel W. Blanchard, 1708 Turk ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
1800 -yillarda San -Frantsiskodagi Blethens
Klement P. Bleten
Jeyms H. Bleten
Jeyms H. Blethen, kichik, 512 Devisadero ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko (Divisadero ko'chasi)
Jon C. Blethen
*Gustav Bluxm, Styuart ko'chasi, 214, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Bluxm, 1413 Bush ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Leytenant S.F. To'mtoq
V. M. Bly
J. Bodfish
*Rassell S. Bodfish, 423 O'ninchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Gerxardt Boez, San -Frantsisko, Evgeniya ko'chasi, 124
*Genri Boetcher, San -Frantsisko, Baraban ko'chasi, 320
*Frederik X.Boy, 23-1/2, yigirma ikkinchi ko'chasi, San-Frantsisko
*Morton Bondegard, 1731, Jessi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Jon Bone, 1505, Leavenworth ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam Borchers, San -Frantsisko, Rincon Court Street 2
*Uilyam Borchers, kichik, 1889 yil, 2 -Rinkon sudi, San -Frantsisko
*Xendrik Botcher, Seymur prospekti, 5, San -Frantsisko
J. Pastki
Charlz C. Boudrou
F. Born
*Jorj V. Boyd, San -Frantsisko, Kamberlend ko'chasi, 113
Charlz Boyl
*Xansen Boysen, 609 1/2 kashtan ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Jon Brannan, Sakramento ko'chasi, 54, San -Frantsisko
N. A. Bray
Charlz J. Brenxem
Kapitan Brewster
Kapitan Brixolm
*Martin Brigman
*Albert Braun, Filbert ko'chasi 503, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz Braun, ofis, San -Frantsisko, 405 Front Street
Kapitan Julian Braun (SS Para shahri. 1898 yil may oyida vafot etgan)
*Frederik Braun, Hayes ko'chasi, 426, San -Frantsisko
*Jon Braun, 14 Rondell Pleys, San -Frantsisko
*Jon U.Braun, 904 Cherch ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam Braun, 716 Bay Street, San -Frantsisko
*Conrad Bruns, Morgan Oyster Co., 1223 Eddy Street, San -Frantsisko
*Yuliy F. Bryn, Madison prospekti, 21, San -Frantsisko
Leytenant Tomas A. Budd, AQSh
H. C. Bunker
Kapitan Burgess
*Uilyam R. Burmeyster, San -Frantsisko, Styuart ko'chasi, Pier 7 ofisi

San -Frantsisko xaritasi, taxminan 1852 yil
Britton va Rey

C
*Jeyms J. Kabaniss, 1919 yil Polk ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Robert Kolduell, San -Frantsisko, Broadway ko'chasi 9
Kapitan Kalif
Kapitan Kallahan va dengizdagi qo'zg'olon
*Maykl Kanalli, 331-1/2 Union Street, San-Frantsisko
Kapitan Karlson
Kapitan Karlton
Jon Karfin
Jeyms Kerol
*Daniel A. Karter, Bruklin mehmonxonasi, Bush ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Kalfild
Uilyam Genri Kauser
*Jon M. Kaverli, 1815 Sutter ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan chempion
*Jeyms Chepman, Bush ko'chasi, 1131, San -Frantsisko
H. Chevalier, RMSS Zelandiya
*Jon Kristensen, San -Fransisko, Fair Oaks ko'chasi, 38 -uy
*Oliver Kristenson, Hayes ko'chasi, 734, San -Frantsisko
*Ernest V. Kristianen, Nyu -York ko'chasi, 1229, San -Frantsisko
*Piter Kristianon, 621 Uchinchi ko'cha, San -Frantsisko
*Robert C. Klark, Kley ko'chasi, 6, San -Frantsisko
S. Klark
V.S. Klark
Jon Kley
Genri Klivlend
*Charlz Klint, 1028, Tinch okeani ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Kobb
*Uilyam Kolbi, 524 1/2 Capp Street, San -Frantsisko
Charlz Tabut
H. B. Kolbey
D. Kolburn
Jorj A. Koul
H. Koul
*Teodor X. Kollett, Lombard ko'chasi, 198, San -Frantsisko
J. Kollier
*Piter Kolli, Xovard ko'chasidagi 18 -ofis, San -Frantsisko
*Jeyms Kolman, Brannan ko'chasi, 318, San -Frantsisko
*Edvard L. Kolvill, 929 1/2 Jekson ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
E. Kuk
*Jorj Kuk, Folsom ko'chasi, 503, San -Frantsisko
*Jeyms Kuper, Minna ko'chasi, 575, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam Kornell, Folsom ko'chasi, 641, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Korvin
Kenny Couillard, SS qo'mondoni Uinfild Skott, 1852
*Uilyam X. Kulson, San -Frantsisko, Klementina ko'chasi 11
Kapitan amakivachchalar (Edvin B. Kousins ​​bilan bir xil bo'lishi mumkin)
*Edvin B. Kousins, Vashington prospekti, 13 1/2, San -Frantsisko
*Piter Krek, San -Frantsisko, 20 -chi ko'chasi, 814
*Jon S. Krouford, 322 1/2 O'n sakkizinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Joziya Perkins Krisi (va Navigator Eleanor Krisi)
*C. H. Kroker, ofis, Xovard ko'chasi, 18, San -Frantsisko
*Samuel F. Kromvel, San -Frantsisko, 734 o'n oltinchi ko'chasi
Tomas B. Cropper
B. S. Krosbi
Kapitan Kanningem
*Jorj A. Kurri, 614, Meyson ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
A. Kertis
*Genri G. Kertis, San -Frantsisko, Capp Street 414

D
Kristofer C. Dall (kapitan V. I. Dallning akasi)
Kapitan V. I. Dall
Timoti Herbert Dam
*Jorj V. Devid, O'Farrel ko'chasi, 628, San -Frantsisko
*Jeyms Devidson, 420 Uchinchi, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz Devis, Xovard ko'chasidagi 18 -ofis, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam J. Devis, Bush ko'chasi, 519, San -Frantsisko
*Glrard Debni, 917, McAllister Street, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan DeLaney
*Jullus De Moi, 37 Tinch okeani, San -Frantsisko
A.V. Dennis
*Genri Desslou, 28 Janubiy Park
*Jorj Dettmers, 330 1/2 O'n sakkizinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Samuel de Volf
*Uilyam X. Diggs, 732, Capp Street, San -Frantsisko
*Oliver V. Ditson, Arktik kit ovlash kompaniyasi, 35 Stenford, San -Frantsisko
*Jorj Dittmers, 330 1/2 O'n sakkizinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Justus Doane
*Adams Dodd, San -Fransisko, Gerrero ko'chasi 1309
Ostin K. Dodj, Shooner Penelopa
Tomas Dodj
Jon M. Dow
Kapitan Dovd
*Tomas Dowdell, 1217, Hayes ko'chasi, 1/2, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Daun
*Louis Dreysdoffer, 7 Clay (10 De Boom), San -Frantsisko
*Teobald Dyubek, 720 Uchinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Teobald Duerrbek, 720 Uchinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
C. B. Duggan, usta, Bray vikari
Filipp Dumares
Uilyam Dunxem
E.V.Dann
Kapitan Durham

E.
*Cyrus A. Eastman, 2 Ewer Place, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam F. Edvards, Xayd ko'chasi, 114, San -Frantsisko
*Aleksandr Edvardson, Vallejo ko'chasi, 431, San -Frantsisko
T. Eldridj
Uilyam Eller
J. B. Elvell
*Karl Emerson, San -Frantsisko, Jekson ko'chasi, 11
*Albert Erikson, 359 1/2 Birinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Konrad Erikson, 20 -chi Klementina, San -Frantsisko
*Jon Errikson, Noyo sh., 23 1/4 South Park, San -Frantsisko
*Damian Espinosa, 1423 Geary ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Robert J. Espi, Folsom ko'chasi, 762, San -Frantsisko
Jorj T. Estabruks
*Jon H. Evans, Bernard ko'chasi, 124 1/2, San -Frantsisko
*Alfred Everson, 803 Xayd ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko

F
J. Fairfowl
*Jeremiya V. Farnxem, 921 Dolores ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Farragut, AQSh: SS Cortes, 1854 yil 14 sentyabr, Mare orolining harbiy -dengiz bazasiga
Jon S. Farren
Edvard Xoratio Faukon
*Pol Fergyuson, San -Fransisko, Beal ko'chasi 312
J. S. Feribotlar, Zelandiya 1876
*Frank R. Filberton, San -Fransisko, Union ko'chasi 293
*Piter Fisher, Vashington ko'chasi, 14, San -Frantsisko
Jozef L. Folsom
Forbes Klivlend
*Uilyam F. Forsman, 1011 1/2 Pirs ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Obed F. Fosdik
C. J. Fosen
*Charlz E. Foye, San -Frantsisko, Fulton ko'chasi, 831
*Frederik Frederikson, San -Frantsiskodagi Styuart ko'chasidagi 7 -Pier ofisi
F. Freeman, kichik
Daniel Friele
Charlz Styuart Fris

G
*J. P. Gallager, San -Frantsisko, Elgin Park xiyoboni 27
*Jon L. Galloup, 932 Xovard ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
E.C. Gardiner
Edmund Gardner
Francis W. Gatter
*Ferdinand Gi, Ellis ko'chasi, 824, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz G. Gielou, San -Frantsisko, Brannan ko'chasi, 410
Kapitan Gifford
*Samuel Gillis, 10 Vinsent, San -Frantsisko
*Samuel J. Gilman, Bush ko'chasi, 717, San -Frantsisko
Stiven Jirard (Sharqiy dengiz borti)
*Jorj M. Gladson, San -Frantsisko, McAllister ko'chasi 341
*Avgust C. Glaser, 135 Clipper Street, San -Frantsisko
C. Gordon
A. B. Gor
Charlz A. Gor
*Tomas Golding, San -Frantsisko, Turk ko'chasi 607
*Uilyam G. Gudman, Uitni ko'chasi, 22, San -Frantsisko
*Endryu B. Gudmanson, 1806, San -Karlos prospekti, San -Frantsisko
*Gustav Gudmanson, Harrison ko'chasi 609, San -Frantsisko
C. Gordon
Sidney Guf
*Sewell F. Graves, 701 Shotwell ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz Grey, 1800, Dyupont ko'chasi, San -Fransisko
*Frank Grin, 5 -Market ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Herman H. Grin
D. E. Griffit
*Edvard D. Griffin, 37 Ikkinchi, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Griffin
*Tomas X. Griffits, San -Frantsisko, Ozodlik ko'chasi 34
*Xans Gullikksen, 744 To'rtinchi, San -Frantsisko

H
*Frederik Xakman, San -Frantsisko, Klementina ko'chasi 53
V. H. P. Xeyns (Xeyns)
Kapitan Salisberi Xeyli
*Charlz F. Xoll, Ford ko'chasi, 29, San -Frantsisko
*Edvin J. Xoll, Noe ko'chasi, 437, San -Frantsisko
*Jorj T. Xoll, 926 -missiya ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Martin Halverson, Berri ko'chasi, 108, San -Frantsisko
A.J. Hamilton (Yovvoyi o'rdak San -Frantsiskoda, 1853)
*Charlz Hammond, O'Farrell ko'chasi, 803, San -Frantsisko
*Aleksandr Xansen, Folsom ko'chasi 503, San -Frantsisko
*Bernhard Xansen, 440 Ikkinchi, San -Frantsisko
*Krist Xansen, San -Frantsiskodagi Styuart ko'chasidagi 7 -sonli ofis
*Kristofer Xansen, Midway ko'chasi, 2, San -Frantsisko
*Xans Xansen, Tinch okeani ko'chasi, 37, San -Frantsisko
*Xans E. Xansen, 2018 yil Dupont ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Henning Xansen, 760 Bryant ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Jon Xansen, 2922 Pine ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*S. Xansen, San -Frantsisko, Styuart ko'chasidagi Pier 7 ofisi
*Uilyam Xansen, Teylor ko'chasi, 9, San -Frantsisko
*Kristofer K. Xanson, 144 o'n birinchi, San -Frantsisko
*Jozef Xarder, 723, Brayant ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Harding (Dengiz nimfasi)
*Alfred Xare Xare, Perri ko'chasi, 10, San -Frantsisko
*C. T. Xarkins, Cor A va Point Lobos Avenue, San -Frantsisko
*Jorj T. Xarkness, Kaliforniya ko'chasi, 816, San -Frantsisko
Kimball Xarlou
*Jon Xarrington, San -Fransisko, Bryant ko'chasi 406
*Jon V. Xarrington, 527 1/2 Green Street, San -Frantsisko
Robert Harrison (kapitan, Bray vikari)
*Uilyam Xartli, 1625 yil, Leavenworth ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Jon J. Xaviside, 30 yoshli Kroker
*Edvard Xayvud, 612 Ikkinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Maykl J. Xili
Kapitan Xedj
*Karl V. Xegaard, 812 Webster ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Edvard Xenrix, San -Fransisko, 17 -uy, 17 -uy
S. Genri
*Edvard P. Herendin, San -Frantsisko, Jons ko'chasi 511
*Lyuis N. Herendin, 139 To'rtinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*F. L. Herriman, 18 -ofis, Xovard ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz Xeyvitt, 2109 Broderik ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Xiggins
Benjamin tepaligi
Kapitan Xinkli
E.T. Xitkok
*Jorj L. Xobbs, San -Frantsisko, Luiza ko'chasi 32
*Tomas Xepner, 1603 Dolores ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
A. Xolbruk
*Martin Xolm, Klementina ko'chasi, 81, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Xomen
Kapitan Xopkins
*Jeyms S. Xorn, San -Frantsisko, Kley ko'chasi, 16
Robert Xenderson Xorner
Kapitan Goudlet
*Jon R. Xovard, American Exchange mehmonxonasi, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam F. Xaues
Ed Xau
Jeff Xauell
E. Xaues
*Laban X. Xovs, Mason ko'chasi, 320, San -Frantsisko
*Jeyms E. Xovland, Shotwell ko'chasi, 216, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Xolland
Uilyam X. Xadson (AQSh harbiy -dengiz kuchlari qo'mondoni). Rossiyada sayohat
*O. J. Xamfri, 623 1/2 Gerrero ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Charlz Xall (qaychi kema kapitani Charlz Mallori, 1852-1853)
Tomas Xantington
J. B. Xatchings
*Avgust Hyer, 407 Asosiy, orqa, San -Frantsisko

Men
*Jeyms Ingersoll, 426, yigirma to'qqizinchi, San-Frantsisko
*Xristian X. Ingwersen, 866 Folsom ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Isli
J. B. G. Isham va SS shimolida
*Piter Ivancich, Rausch ko'chasi, 14, San -Frantsisko

J
Robert Jek, 333 -o'n yettinchi
*Genri Jeykobson, San -Frantsisko, Front Street 405 ofisi (Harrison ko'chasidagi 1047 -uy)
*J. H. Jeykobson, 18 -ofis, Xovard ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Jeyms Jeymison, 334 1/2 Fremont ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Nataniyal Jarvis
*Jon Jensen, Xarrison ko'chasidagi 1011, San -Frantsisko
*Rasmus Jepsen, 907, Minna ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Jasper V. Jesperson, 106 kumush, San -Frantsisko
*Gustavus M. Jessen, 1524 Jekson ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Jonson, kapitan G'arbiy Xo
*A. P. Jonson, 609 1/2 Xovard ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Edvard Jonson, 113 Fransisko, San -Frantsisko
Jorj W. Jonson
*Jon W. Jonson, San -Frantsisko, Ritch ko'chasi 333
*Magnus Jonson, Rausch ko'chasi, 30 1/2, San -Frantsisko
*Piter A. Jonson, Kashtan ko'chasi, 224, San -Frantsisko
Genri Jonston
*Louis W. Johnston, Valensiya ko'chasi, 814, San -Frantsisko
*Xans Yorgensen, 2014, Dupont ko'chasi 1/2, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam V. Xosselin, 2324 Missiya ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Arend Juchter, 666 Bryant ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko

K
*Jeyms D. Keyt, San -Frantsisko, Turk ko'chasi 304
Reuben Kellog
V. Kennedi
*Lui Kessler, Bernal-Xayts, Yigirma sakkizinchi ko'chadagi ko'chaning prospekti
*Jeyms Kiernan, Folsom ko'chasi, 1129, San -Frantsisko
*Herman Kihn, Fremont ko'chasi, 316, San -Frantsisko
Jorj E. Kilxem
*Jeyms H. Killeran, San -Frantsisko, Julian prospekti, 123
*Daniel Killman, San -Frantsisko, Shotwell ko'chasi 606
*Genri Killman, 28 1/2 Clinton Park, San -Frantsisko
*Jon H. Kimball, 1829 yil Missiya ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Edvard A. King (Harbormaster 1850)
*Jeyms Kirk, Lombard ko'chasi, 303, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz J. Klinker, Kashtan ko'chasi, 224, San -Frantsisko
*Emil Kluge, Folsom ko'chasi, 503, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Knapp
Kapitan Elias D. Knight
Kapitan G. B. Knight (yuk tashuvchi Nebraskan)
Kapitan E. E. Knowles (Ekstremal Clipper Oq qaldirg'och)
Kapitan Joziya Nikerson Noules
*Gotfrid Koxake, 521 ikkinchi, San -Frantsisko
*Jorj Kroeger, Sakramento ko'chasi, 14, San -Frantsisko
*Kris N. Krog, Berri ko'chasi, 139, San -Frantsisko
*V. M. Krone, 2105, Stokton ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Jorj Kruger, San -Frantsiskodagi Pier 7 ofisi

L
*Genri La Bell, 1513, Lion ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Laflin
Kapitan Lambert
*Genri N. Lambert, 640, Minna ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz Lamp, 2611 Missiya ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam J. Lankashir, San -Fransisko, Styuart ko'chasi, 238
*Piter F. Leyn, Kashtan ko'chasi, 141, San -Frantsisko
V.F. Lapidj
Fred Lawson
Samuel Lich
Kapitan Li
P. S. LeFevre (yoki Lefever)
Villian Aleksandr Leidesdorff
A.V.H. Leroy, AQSh
*Jon Lavin, Stenford ko'chasi, 20, San -Frantsisko
*Jon S. Li, Kley ko'chasi, 6, San -Frantsisko
*Jorj V. Leland, 237 Ettinchi, San -Frantsisko
*Herman D. Leland, 133 To'qqizinchi, San -Frantsisko
*Xans O. Levinson, 1608, Stivenson ko'chasi, 1/4, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz X. Lyuis, 25 -o'ninchi avenyu, San -Frantsisko
*Emil Liebig, 27 -ofis, Styuart, Lawrence Place, San -Frantsisko
Xose Iv Limantur
Kapitan Loper
Kapitan Beyli Loring
Kapitan F. V. Lovet
*Jon Lov, Xollis ko'chasi, 15, San -Frantsisko
*Garri Lyubey, Sakramento ko'chasi, 54, San -Frantsisko
J. S. Lukas (qaychi kapitani Jozibali. San -Frantsiskoga 1855 yil 12 aprelda keldi)
*Garri Lyman, Everett ko'chasi, 35, San -Frantsisko

M
*Matias Maas, Kashtan ko'chasi, 516, San -Frantsisko
Charlz Xarrington MakLeod
*Xans Madison, 2326 Missiya ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Martin Mahler, Xinkli ko'chasi, 13, San -Frantsisko
Devid Patrik Mallag
*Genri Manning, 1323 1/2, Sakramento ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
S. Manson, kichik
Kapitan Markham
Kapitan Marshall
*Endryu Martin, Sakramento ko'chasi, 54, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Matson
*Olof Mattson, 1913 yil, Laguna ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Jefferson Mauri
*Jon W. McAllep, 319 1/2 Bartlett ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Uilyam I. MakAllep, San -Frantsisko, Kastro ko'chasi, 216
*Aleksandr J. Makkarren, Folsom ko'chasi, 574, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz Makkarti, Lombard ko'chasi, 915, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Makklur
Kapitan Makkomalar
*Xyu Makkormik, 2648 Folsom ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Jon E. Makkulloch, Lombard ko'chasi, 923, San -Frantsisko
*Aleksandr MakDonald, 1604, Jons ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Kennet MakDonald, Kley ko'chasi, 16, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan MakFarlend, Steamer Zenit
Kapitan M'Gowan
Lauchlan Makkay
Allan Maklin, AQSh
Jon M. McLachlan (Jon McLachlan)
Daniel Makloflin
Dunkan Maklin
*Kristofer E. Maknir, Oak ko'chasi, 225, San -Frantsisko
*Martin P. Makrey, 1066, Xovard ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
E. Mellus
*Uilyam X. Mercer, 830-1/2 Broadway ko'chasi, San-Frantsisko
*Alfred Metkalf, Folsom ko'chasi 503, San -Frantsisko
Lyuis Meyer
Uilyam A. Migel
*M. V. B. Millard, 1115 1/2 Yigirma birinchi
*Frank G. Miller, 3215, Sakramento ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
V.A. Mills
*Kichik avgust, Ozodlik ko'chasi, 136, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Mitchell
*Ernest W. J. E. Mittelstaedt, 1016 -sahifa ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz F. Montell, 108 1/2 (San -Fransisko ko'chasining nomi yo'q)
*Edgar X. Montell, Oak ko'chasi, 316, San -Frantsisko
Jon Berrian Montgomeri
Kapitan Mur Mikado RMS, Avstraliya chizig'i, 1874)
*Genri Mur, Pauell ko'chasi, 1415, San -Frantsisko
Uilyam Mur
*Jorj F. Murxaus, Xovard ko'chasi 18 -ofis (Buchanan ko'chasi 1324 uy), San -Frantsisko
*F. E. Morli, 27 -ofis, Styuart ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
Isaak X. Morris
Kapitan Morrison
*Albion X. Morz, 2202, Shtayner ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Charlz C. Morz, Skott ko'chasi, 107, San -Frantsisko
Tomas X. Morton
Uilyam Mosher
J.T. Mott
Kapitan Mumford
*Jozef V. Munro, 2134 Union Street, San -Frantsisko
Piter Simon Merchison
Aleksandr Sinkler Myurrey
F. Mirik (yoki F. Mirrik)

N.
Samuel V. Nagel
*Endryu Nelson, 13 Kley, San -Frantsisko
Kapitan Endryu V. Nelson, SS Para shahri, 1908-1910
Charlz Nelson, Oklend, Kaliforniya
*Oliver Nelson, 205 To'qqizinchi ko'chasi, San -Frantsisko
*Olof Nelson, Larkin ko'chasi, 2609, San -Frantsisko
*Piter Nelson, San -Frantsisko, Baraban ko'chasi, 320
E. D. P. Nikols
E. V. Nikols
A. Nikolson (A. Nikolson ham yozilgan)
J. J. Nikolson
E. Nikerson
*Sumner A. Nikerson, Xovard ko'chasi, 1142, San -Frantsisko
A. Nikolson (A. Nikolson ham yozilgan)
A. P. Nielsen, dengizchi, San -Frantsisko, Kley ko'chasi, 13 (Langli San -Frantsisko ma'lumotnomasi, 1889)
Kapitan (lar) Nielsen (Har xil yozuvlar. Ismlari aytilmagan)
*Albert Nielsen, Master Mariner, 1225 Union Street, San Francisco (Langley's San Francisco Directory, 1889)
E. M. Nielsen
Charles Nielsen, seaman, rear 11 Pacific Street (Langley's San Francisco Directory, 1889)
*Niels Nielsen, Master Mariner, 1805 1/2 Stockton Street, rear, San Francisco (Langley's San Francisco Directory, 1889)
N. H. Nielson (Malika, schooner, 1901)
Thomas Nielsen (Pioner, tug, 1912)
Thomas Nielsen (Master, Makaweli, barkentine, 1911)
*Harry M. P. Nissen, 7 Natoma Street, San Francisco
Louis Nopander, Louis, seaman, 505 Union Street, rear (Langley's San Francisco Directory, 1889)
*Eric M. Nordberg, 503 Folsom Street, San Francisco
Arthur Nordling, seaman, 425 Bay, rear (Langley's San Francisco Directory, 1889), San Francisco
I. H. Norris
J. H. Norris
Nathaniel Nowell
*William P. Noyes, 915 Greenwich Street, San Francisco

O
*J. P. O'Connell, 54 Sacramento Street, San Francisco
*Edward O'Connor, 9 Glover Street, San Francisco
*Ole A. Olsen, 1806 Jessie Street, San Francisco
*Olof Olsen, 30 Clay Street, San Francisco
*Peter Olsen, 505 Third Street, San Francisco
*Louis Olson, 1216 Twenty-first Street, San Francisco
W.H. Osgood, Captain, Clippership Trade Wind
Douglas Ottinger

P.
*Joseph M. Page, 111 Twenty-fourth Street, San Francisco
*William A. Palmer, 801 Pine Street, San Francisco
*Frederick Papenfaus, Winn nr Old Hickory, Bernal Heights, San Francisco
Captain Parkhurst
*Charles T. Parnow, 562 1/2 Bryant Street, San Francisco
*George Patten, 123 Powell Street, San Francisco
Joshua Patten (and Mary Patten)
Captain Patterson
Carlisle P. Patterson, U.S.N.
R.L. Patterson, U.S.N.
Robert H. Pearson, Esq. (Also spelled R. H. Pierson in the same issue of Daily Alta California.)
James B. Peck
Christian Pedersen, 1213 Florida Street, San Francisco
*Ellis B. Percy, office 22 California Home 109 Scott Street, San Francisco
Captain Perkins
*Alphonzo B. Perry, 32 Steuart Street, San Francisco
E. A. Perry
*William Peters, 44 Fourth Street, San Francisco
*John Petersen, 21 Hinckley Street, San Francisco
*Martin Petersen, 231 Eleventh Street, San Francisco
*Charles B. Peterson, The Morgan Oyster Co., 1213 Florida Street, San Francisco
*Christian Peterson, The Morgan Oyster Co., 1213 Florida Street, San Francisco
*Jacob Peterson, 30 1/2 Brosnan, San Francisco
*Thomas Peterson, Corea nr Santee, San Francisco
T. G. Pierce
*Henry Piltz, 613 Shotwell Street, San Francisco
Captain Pinkham
*George Plummer, 320 Castro Street, San Francisco
*John R. Potter, 819 Filbert Street, San Francisco
W. R. Potter
Captain Poulson
Timothy Pratt
Captain Prattle
Captain Pray
*Jacob Prigge, 294 East, San Francisco
*Joseph A. Pritchard, 227 Hayes Street, San Francisco
*Henry Purcher, 22 Zoe, rear, San Francisco

Q
*Gaetano Queirolo, 1310 Kearny Street, San Francisco
*Robert Quinton, 20 Clementina Street, San Francisco

R
Henry Randall
William Chapman Ralston
*Thomas A. Randall, 6 Clay Street, San Francisco
*Hans Rasmussen, 609 Harrison Street, San Francisco
*Nels Rasmussen, 16 Pfeiffer, San Francisco
*Winslow Ray, 2516 Mission, San Francisco
*Joseph H. Redmond, 424 Fremont, San Francisco
Captain Reed
*Charles Reel, 1914 Mason Street, San Francisco
*John Rees, 503 Folsom Street, San Francisco
*William Reid, 45 Twelfth, San Francisco
*G. T. Remmers, Corea and Penobscot
*Joseph H. Rex, 520 Chestnut Street, San Francisco
*William Rex, 520 Chestnut Street, San Francisco
Captain Reynard
*Edward B. Reynolds, 515 Jones Street, San Francisco
Abel W. Richardson
Joseph W. Richardson
William Richardson
*James R. Rideout, 804 Filbert Street, San Francisco
J. P. Ridley
David Ritchie
*Lawrence Roach, NE corner Twenty-forth and York, San Francisco
Robert H. Roberts, 5 Leroy Place, San Francisco, San Francisco
*Charles L. Robinson, 249 Steuart Street, San Francisco
*John J. Robinson, 716 Montgomery Avenue, San Francisco
*Charles Rock, 418 Greenwich Street, San Francisco
*Ephraim T. Rogers, 407 Octavia Street, San Francisco
A. S. Rogers
E. D. Rogers
*Gustave T. Rosenlund, 1910 Mason Street, San Francisco
*James Ross, 531 O'Farrell Street, San Francisco
*Thomas Ryan,1108 Montgomery Street, San Francisco
*Edward Ryder, 310 Kearny Street, San Francisco

S
*Robert R. Samarriter, 533 Taylor Street, San Francisco
*Olof Samuelson, 808 Union Street, San Francisco
*Charles Schmaling, 1121 Broadway Street, San Francisco
*William H. Schroeder, 914 Fifteenth, San Francisco
Captain Schultz
*Richard C. B. Schwartz, 2230 Hyde Street, San Francisco
Charles Seabury
Jason Seabury
William B. Seabury
*C. D. Searles, 1002 Minna Street, San Francisco
Victor Seaman
*Benjamin W. Sears, 5 Market Street, San Francisco
Elisha Sears
Captain Sewell
*James Sharkey, 406 Bryant Street, San Francisco
*Laurence Sharp, 325 1/2 Third Street, San Francisco
*William N. Shelley, W. N. Shelley & Co., 1800 Union Street, San Francisco
Captain Shepeard
Samuel V. Shreve
William T. Shorey
*S. Simonsen, 1914 Washington Street, San Francisco
*Simon Simonson, 423 Greenwich Street, San Francisco
George Simpton
*John Skipper, 6 1/2 Garden, San Francisco
C. H. Slater
*John Slater, 27 Federal Street, San Francisco
Captain Slemmer
*G. L. Small, office 18 Howard Street, San Francisco
Robert Small
*Axel W. Smith, 429 Tenth Street, San Francisco
*Edward Smith, 1222 Union Street, San Francisco
*H. D. Smith, 922 Greenwich Street, San Francisco
*Jacob C. Smith, 333 Ritch Street, San Francisco
Stephen Smith
*Thomas Smith, 216 Chestnut Street, San Francisco
*William Smith, NE cor Arlington and Miguel, Fairmount Tract
*John Soderman, 1206 1/2 Kearny Street, San Francisco
G. W. Somes
*Jacob Sommers, 2 Haggin, San Francisco
*Peter Sommers, 2 Haggin, San Francisco
*Gustave Sorman, 16 Clinton Park, San Francisco
C. Soule
Charles Spear
*Joseph R. Spencer, 559 1/2 Minna Street, San Francisco
Caleb Sprague
*Harry St. Clair, 410 Beale Street, San Francisco
Jasper Stahl
*Henry P. Stalman, 210 Steuart Street, San Francisco
*Samuel R. Stanton, 2305 Jones Street, San Francisco
Captain Staples
R. W. Steele (Packet ship Andrew Foster, U.S. Navy, Clipper Racer)
*Frederick Steinberg, office Pier 7 Steuart Street, San Francisco
*Fritz Sternberg, 18 South Park, San Francisco
Charles Stoddard
*John Storry, 2014 Dupont Street, San Francisco
*Leonard Storry, 2014 Dupont Street, San Francisco
*A. A. Stout, 645 3/4 Stevenson Street, San Francisco
*John H. Struckmeyer, 1718 Dupont Street, San Francisco
*Christian H. Stuhr, 22 Welsh, San Francisco
*Robert Sudden, 716 Hayes Street, San Francisco
*Daniel Sullivan, 1121 Harrison Street, San Franciscp
*George W. Swanton, 816 Church Street, San Francisco
G. B. Swasey
*Ezra D. Swift, 2313 Howard Street, San Francisco

T
Captain Taber
Captain Tadacher
Captain Tapley
*Gerhard F. Terschuren, 2224 Pine Street, San Francisco
Captain Tezequel
*A. L. Thompson, office Pier 7 Steuart Street, San Francisco
*August Thompson, 37 Pacific, San Francisco
Charles Thompson
*Joseph Thompson, 402 Van Ness Avenue, San Francisco
*Daniel C. Thomsen, 907 Lombard Street, San Francisco
*W. Thornagle, 103 Welsh, San Francisco
Captain Hall J. Tibbetts
*Andrew E. Tommereg, 2000 Dupont Street, San Francisco
*William Tornstrom, 713 1/2 Treat Avenue, San Francisco
Lt. George M. Totten, U.S.N.
Captain Townsend
C. F. Trask
J. H. Trask
Captain Treadwell
*T. H. Treat, 503 Folsom Street, San Francisco
*Charles A. Treanor, 26 South Park, San Francisco
*Samuel G. Treanor, 26 South Park, San Francisco
*William Treanor, 26 South Park, San Francisco
D. H. Truman
*Henry S. Tucker, 609 Haight Street, San Francisco
*Benjamin C. Turner, 8 Elgin Park Avenue
Matthew Turner, Master Mariner and Shipbuilder
*Walker C. Tyler, 1849 Stevenson Street, San Francisco

V
James Iredell Waddell
*Albert Wagner, 333 1/2 Hayes Street, San Francisco
*Nicholas Wagner, 510 Jones Street, San Francisco
* John Wahlman, 127 Chattanooga, San Francisco
Edgar Wakeman
William Ward, Captain of the ill-fated City of Rio de Janeiro
Robert H. Waterman
James T. Watkins
Captain Watson
Samuel Weare, Owner and Captain of the Philadelphia
*John Weatherson, 6 Clay Street, San Francisco
Nathaniel Webber
*Henry Weber, 335 Seventeenth Street, San Francisco
Captain Webster
*Charles E. Weeks, 603 Bartlett Street, San Francisco
*James Weir, 1213 Kearny Street, San Francisco
*John C. Wells, 1412 Hyde Street, San Francisco
Samuel S. Welsh
*Thomas H. Wentworth, 746 Howard Street, San Francisco
*R. A. Westphal, 1320 Jackson Street, San Francisco
*Robert H. Wheeler, 20 Rondell Place, San Francisco
*William M. White, 2145 Mission Street, San Francisco
Thomas P. Whitelaw
Richard L. Whiting
*Daniel Whitney, 6 Clay Street, San Francisco
*S.F. Wickbert, 1112 Jackson, San Francisco
*Frank Wiese, 15 De Boom, San Francisco
Captain Charles Wilkes
Captain Wilkinson
Benjamin Williams (Ship Cordillera)
*John Williams, 17 1/2 Clara, San Francisco
*Louis A. Willig, office 405 Front Street, San Francisco
*Henry Wilson, 134 Twenty-ninth, San Francisco
*O. P. Wilson, W s Prospect Avenue nr Cortland Avenue, Bernal Heights, San Francisco
*Constantine L. Wolf, SE cor Sanchez and Day Streets, San Francisco
*Selim E. Woodworth, 320 Van Ness Avenue, San Francisco
George Wright (Freighter Nebraskan, 1913)
J. T. Wright and Thomas Wright, 2622 Bush Street, San Francisco
Captain Wood
Captain Worth

X - Y
Captain Yates
Captain Ygebbes
Andrew S. Young, 1716 Jackson Street Street, San Francisco
John C. Young, 113 Cumberland Street, San Francisco

Z
Frank Zattert, 581 Noe Street, San Francisco
John Zerega, Captain, Queen of Clippers


Eslatmalar

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Huna Tribal House

Eagle down, released from the fingertips of Tlingit children, drifted through the forests of Bartlett Cove during a groundblessing ceremony for the recently completed Huna Tribal House. Tribal elders, supported by their cultural nephews spoke traditional words of welcome and thanked the towering trees for offering their lives in aid of the planned 2,500 square foot cedar structure. Xunaa Shuká Hít—roughly translated as "Huna Ancestor's House"—is the first permanent clan house in Glacier Bay since Tlingit villages were destroyed by an advancing glacier over 250 years ago. A long awaited dream, it is a gathering place where tribal members can reconnect with their treasured homeland through ceremonies, workshops, camps, tribal meetings and other events. It also provides park visitors with opportunities to learn about Huna Tlingit history, culture, and life ways. The Hoonah Indian Association (HIA) and National Park Service (NPS) have worked closely with a team of clan leaders, craftsmen, planners, architects, and cultural resource specialists to design a building that reflects traditional styles but meets the needs of contemporary tribal members as well as park visitors. The focal point of the Tribal House is a large open gathering area with a central fire pit, but modern amenities including utilities, a small kitchen for preparing native foods, dressing room for dancers and performers, and detached restrooms have been incorporated in the design.

The design is based on accounts and photographs from the historical and ethnographic records. These ingenious buildings had gabled roofs held up by four interior posts that supported two massive horizontal beams upon which the rest of the roofing members rested. The walls and floors were of thick, adze finished planks. Inside were square pits, about 25 feet to a side and about 4 feet deep, where daily life circulated around a central hearth. They traditionally housed extended families and a cluster of houses would comprise a clan's winter village. Multiple clans would reside together, and legends tell us that the principal pre-Little Ice Age village of the four Huna clans was located in what is now Bartlett Cove.

The "Return to Homeland" event took place August 25, 2016 coinciding with the 100th Anniversary of the National Park Service.

Project Background briefing sheet provides more information on this collaborative project and status.

The elders longed for a place where ancestral wisdom could be held and shared. In this short Cultural Welcome video, they offer you a traditional welcome to Xunaa Shuká Hít's treasured space:


BIBLOGRAFIYA

ADAMS, MARILYN J., and COLLINS, ALLAN. 1979. "A Schema-Theoretic View of Reading." Yilda New Directions in Discourse Processing, Jild 2: Advances in Discourse Processes, ed Roy O. Freedle. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

ALEXANDER, PATRICIA A. SCHALLERT, DIANE L. and HARE, VICTORIA C. 1991. "Coming to Terms: How Researchers in Learning and Literacy Talk about Knowledge." Review of Educational Research 61:315&ndash343.

ANDERSON, RICHARD C. 1977. "The Notion of Schemata and the Educational Enterprise: General Discussion of the Conference." Yilda Schooling and the Acquisition of Knowledge, ed Richard C. Anderson, Rand J. Spiro, and William E. Montague. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

ANDERSON, RICHARD C. 1978. "Schema-Directed Processes in Language Comprehension." Yilda Cognitive Psychology and Instruction, ed Alan M. Lesgold, James W. Pellegrino, Sipke D. Fokkema, and Robert Glaser. New York: Plenum.

ANDERSON, RICHARD C. 1984. "Role of the Reader's Schema in Comprehension, Learning, and Memory." Yilda Learning to Read in American Schools: Basal Readers and Content Texts, ed Richard C. Anderson, Jean Osborn, and Robert J. Tierney. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

ANDERSON, RICHARD C., and PEARSON, P. DAVID. 1984. "A Schema-Theoretic View of Basic Processes in Reading Comprehension." Yilda Handbook of Reading Research, ed P. David Pearson. New York: Longman.

BARTLETT, FREDERIC C. 1932. Remembering. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press.

BRANSFORD, JOHN D., and JOHNSON, MARCIA K. 1973. "Considerations of Some Problems of Comprehension." Yilda Visual Information Processing, ed William G. Chase. New York: Academic.

BREWER, WILLIAM F. 1987. "Schemas Versus Mental Models in Human Memory." Yilda Modelling Cognition, ed Peter Morris. Chichester, Eng.: Wiley.

BREWER, WILLIAM F. 1999. "Scientific Theories and Naive Theories as Forms of Mental Representation: Psychologism Revived." Science and Education 8:489&ndash505.

BREWER, WILLIAM F. 2000. "Bartlett's Concept of the Schema and Its Impact on Theories of Knowledge Representation in Contemporary Cognitive Psychology." Yilda Bartlett, Culture and Cognition, ed Akiko Saito. Hove, Eng.: Psychology Press.

BREWER, WILLIAM F., and NAKAMURA, GLENN V. 1984. "The Nature and Functions of Schemas." Yilda Handbook of Social Cognition, Jild 1, ed. Robert S. Wyer, Jr. and Thomas K. Srull. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

HACKER, CHARLES J. 1980. "From Schema Theory to Classroom Practice." Til san'ati 57:866&ndash871.

JOHNSON-LAIRD, PHILIP N. 1983. Mental Models. Kembrij, MA: Garvard universiteti matbuoti.

MINSKY, MARVIN. 1975. "A Framework for Representing Knowledge." Yilda The Psychology of Computer Vision, ed Patrick H. Winston. New York: McGraw-Hill.

RUMELHART, DAVID E. 1980. "Schemata: The Building Blocks of Cognition." Yilda Theoretical Issues in Reading Comprehension, ed Rand J. Spiro, Bertram C. Bruce, and William F. Brewer. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

SCHANK, ROGER C., and ABELSON, ROBERT P. 1977. Scripts, Plans, Goals and Understanding. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.


"Cemetery Restoration Volunteers” (CRV) maintain on a rotation basis about 20 neglected cemeteries in Williamson County.

The volunteers are under the direction of WCHC’s Cemetery Committee Chair, Wayne Ware. In 2020, there are 13 volunteers using their own equipment to mow grass, remove overgrown vegetation, and repair & level headstones. Donations received by WCHC are helping to defray the costs of restoring tombstones.

Williamson County is extremely fortunate to have these volunteers sharing their expertise in cleaning & repairing tombstones as well as maintaining the cemeteries.

For more information about CRV, please email [email protected] or visit the CRV Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/groups/2186745204950841/.

CRV Group at Donahue Cemetery Photo Courtesy Joe Plunkett February 2020

From L to R: Don Stephens, Johnny Anderson, David Tietz, Wayne Ware, Duane Peter, Rick Schampers, John Christeson, Al Gillot, Shelby Little, & Tommy Turner

Not pictured: Joe Plunkett, Teresa Chapman & Mary Ann Schampers


Ashe County, North Carolina Marriages 1801 - 1872

For discussion of history and genealogy of the New River Valley of North Carolina and Virginia you are welcomed to join the New River History and Genealogy Discussion Group.

Welcome and we hope you join the discussions.

WhatsNew:

New River Notes &mdash Complete

January 21, 2014

After about two years of work we have completed a major upgrade to New River Notes. On January 21, 2014 we switched in the last of the updated files and final page revisions.

In January 2013 we introduced the new site layout but because there were many pages left to do there was a big red Under Construction on the front page. A year later we've finished all of the pages that were on the original site. Construction is complete. We have a great looking site full of material to help you in your research and possibly entertain you.

New River Notes

January 6, 2013

New River Notes, a leading genealogy resource for the New River Valley of North Carolina and Virginia, launched its new look website today.

New River Notes was originally launched in 1998 by Jeffrey C. Weaver providing New River Valley researchers with a new wealth of information and that tradition is continued today by the Grayson County, Virginia Heritage Foundation, Inc.

Welcome and we hope you enjoy our new look.

Ashe County, North Carolina Marriages 1801 - 1872

Compiled by Minnie Patrick Osborne and Jeffrey C. Weaver
1989, Ashe County Historical Society, West Jefferson, North Carolina, 28694

Kirish

The marriage records of Ashe County, North Carolina are incomplete. Some years ago the earliest records were either stolen or burned or both. The 2,100 marriage records presented here are from what remains in the court house in Jefferson, North Carolina the State Archives, Raleigh, North Carolina the Library of Congress and National Archives, Washington, DC and other sources, i.e., pension applications and family bibles when available.

Some of these early records are very difficult to read and the best possible transcription has been made. Alternative or modern spellings are given, in the "Comments", when it seemed necessary for clarity or serious doubt arose. There are conflicting dates on some on the documents, with one stating one thing and another conflicting with that, in such cases both pieces of information are presented with no claim to the correctness of either.

The amount of information given for some marriage records is greater than for others, the pertinent information available is presented, if not, you may assume that it was not given in the original document.

Formatting of this transcript has been something of a problem because there were different types of sources used, therefore some blanks will be found as you search for information.

Source 1 is the marriage register, Ashe County Court House, Jefferson, North Carolina
Source 2 is a collection of loose marriage bonds, Ashe County Court House, Jefferson, North Carolina.
Source 3 is the State Archives, Raleigh, North Carolina
Source 4 is other material, pension applications, family bibles, etc.

When searching for marriages in North Carolina (and many other states) prior to 1868, remember it was perfectly legal to be married and have no written record of the event. North Carolina recognized marriage by publication of banns, and common law marriages were not uncommon. In some cases, a common law relationship was established and later a marriage bond was obtained and a formal marriage took place. After Reconstruction and the North Carolina Constitution of 1868, a written record should have been made and probably is preserved. Records after this date may be obtained from the Office of the Clerk of Court, Ashe County Court House, Jefferson, North Carolina 28640.


United States Watch Case Manufacturing Companies:

In parallel with the development of the American watch manufacturing industry came a large number of companies producing watch cases. Until the 1920s, cases were almost always made by different companies than those that made the watch movements, and watches could be cased at the factory, or by the distributor, or by the individual retailer at the point of sale. Often, a customer could select the watch movement they wanted, and then select the case they wanted to place it in. This sometimes results in unusual pairings of a top-quality movement in a lower-grade base-metal case, or a top-of-the-line karat gold case, with a pedestrian 7-jewel movement inside.

Waltham "Roy" case in 14K gold: beautiful example of finely-crafted American pocket watch case. Many of the engravers had been trained in Europe, so it is not uncommon to see pastoral scenes of Swiss chalets on American cases, as above.

The list of companies that manufactured watches in the United States in the 1800s is far longer than most people realize. These companies were known to have operated and produced watch cases in the United States in the 1800s and 1900s. A few of these companies survived well into the 20th century and underwent multiple name changes and reorganizations. Dates may overlap when tracing the "family tree" of a particular company. Dates are approximate as company records are inconsistent in many cases. We do not suggest that this list is 100% complete or accurate in fact, we can almost guarantee that it is not, but it presents a fascinating picture of the case-making industry during this important period in the American watch industry.

This information was first compiled and published in "History of the American Watch Case" by Warren H. Neibling. an excellent resource for those interested in doing further research into American pocket watch cases.

Watch case companies are listed alphabetically. Please select from the letter-index below.


Videoni tomosha qiling: САЁХАТИМИЗ ДАВОМ ЭТАДИ САЛОМ ТАРИХ ҚУБО МАСЖИДИДА


Izohlar:

  1. Arajin

    Mening o'rnim chap tomonda va men u erda o'tirishim kerak ... Hoy, ma'ruzachi, tinchlanib, boshingiz bilan o'ylaysizmi :)

  2. Benes

    Men sizga saytni ko'rib chiqishni maslahat beraman, unda bu savol bo'yicha juda ko'p ma'lumotlar mavjud.

  3. Yogrel

    And is there such an analog?

  4. Gugal

    Sizning gapingiz ajoyib

  5. Voodoogis

    Men ham bu savoldan xavotirdaman. Bu haqda qaerdan o'qiy olaman deb ayta olasizmi?



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